Schizoid Personality Disorder, symptoms and treatment

Schizoid Personality Disorder, symptoms and treatment

The schizoid disorder it is a personality disorder that implies a tendency to indifference to social relationsas well as a limited range of emotional expressions.


  • 1 Characteristics of personality disorders
  • 2 What are the symptoms of schizoid personality disorder?
  • 3 Causes of schizoid personality disorder
  • 4 Treatment of schizoid disorder

Characteristics of personality disorders

The personality disorders imply behavioral patterns very entrenched and long lasting in people. In addition, this pattern of behavior differs greatly from the cultural expectations to which the individual belongs. and prevent proper operation In everyday life. This particular disorder is within a continuum in which, the schizophrenia it would be at the most serious end, followed by schizotypal disorder and leaving the schizoid disorder In the softer end.

The Schizoid personality Disorder is included in personality disorders DSM Group A, the diagnostic and statistical manual of psychological disorders. This group A, which also includes schizotypal disorder and paranoid disorder, corresponds to personality disorders classified as rare or eccentric which are characterized by a pattern of eccentric and secluded behavior.

What are the symptoms of schizoid personality disorder?

Schizoid personality disorder is mainly characterized by a pattern of indifference to social relations, as well as few emotional expressions. This pattern usually begins in early adulthood and is more common among men than among women, being a handicap to form healthy relationships with others. In addition, people with schizoid disorder often have a propensity to "daydream" and are characterized by others as loners. Some evidence suggests that this may be an early state of schizophrenia or a mild form of this, although in the schizoid disorder the sense of reality is not lost. These are some of the most common symptoms:

  • Not shown no desire to have a relationship close, including relationships with the family itself
  • Emotional coldness, detachment or affective dullness.
  • Inability to express feelings of sympathy and tenderness or anger to others.
  • Absence of intimate personal relationships and mutual trust.
  • Always usually carry out activities in solitude
  • Little or null sexual desire
  • Indifference to praise or criticism from other persons
  • It is usually shown as a cold person or distant, shows no emotions
  • Your mood does not exhibit many observable changes
  • Inability to feel pleasure (anhedonia).
  • Reserve and introspection attitude.
  • Marked difficulty in recognizing and complying with social norms, which results in eccentric behavior.

These symptoms they don't seem to be inappropriate for the individual, although they affect their daily life by not allowing them to interact with other people. Unlike avoidance disorder, in which people avoid social relationships for fear of rejection or disapproval, people with schizoid personality disorder have no fear or shame before others because their behavior simply has no social motivation

Causes of schizoid personality disorder

The causes of schizoid disorder, as with the rest of the personality disorders, they don't know exactly, although the idea that both the genetics as the education and context They have an important role in the development of disorders.

It is also estimated that in the specific case of schizoid disorder it is easier for your presentation to know if the person has relatives who suffer schizophrenia.

Sometimes schizoid disorder can occur along with other disorders. Sometimes during very stressful experiences, schizoid people may suffer small reactive psychosis. In addition, this disorder can occur along with other personality disorders such as schizotypal disorder, paranoid or avoidant disorder.

Schizoid disorder treatment

There is not much research on this disorder, since normally, people who suffer from it sometimes do not experience discomfort from their loneliness and can find their rational and appropriate behaviors, so they do not usually seek treatment. As they are not inclined to maintain relationships, the relationship with the health professional is usually reduced.

In the long term, however, some medications prescribed by health professionals can help reduce the symptoms of this disorder, as well as other partners. These are the symptoms of anhedonia and dull affection that can be lessened with antipsychotics They are used to treat the same symptoms in schizophrenia.

Psychotherapy can be good for improving social skills and communication with others. Specifically, the cognitive behavioral therapy, can be recommended to find and replace cognitive distortions that prevent the patient from adapting well to the environment, as well as the group therapy It can help improve interaction skills with others.