In today's article, we will see what it is the profile of the victim of bullying, just like him profile of passive viewers who do not participate, but also avoid bullying. It is important to mention that, without these two profiles, the stalker I could do absolutely nothing.
The profile of the victim of bullying
The first thing to say is that, unlike what happens with the stalker's profile, the bullying victim's profile can be varied. The victims of bullying constitute a varied and heterogeneous group.
So ... why is this or that child chosen as the target of bullying by the aggressors? The truth is that there is no clear reason, and, in many cases, it is produced by pure chance.
However, despite the above, yes there are some factors that can multiply the risk of bullying (But, as I say, they only increase the risk, they are not determinants):
- Suffer a disability: A first risk factor is to suffer a disability of some kind, for the same reason that will be seen in the next point. There is a difference, and the difference is used to justify the harassment (it is also used as a target for teasing).
- Belong to a minority group (be different): Belonging to an ethnic, religious, cultural or sexual minority also often contributes to being a victim of bullying. As in the previous case, the difference favors harassment.
- To have suffered bullying: Having previously suffered bullying also contributes to it again. First, because the word spreads. Secondly, because situations of self-fulfilling prophecy occur on the part of the victim.
- Suffer from a learning disorder: Suffering from a learning disorder, especially in the case of language (which makes communication difficult - for example, stuttering), also usually contributes to bullying.
It should be mentioned that belonging to one of these risk groups does not necessarily imply that bullying is centered on you. Plus, You may try to focus the harassment on someone with those characteristics, but that his way of responding prevents him from continuing.
In this last sense, having an introverted or reserved personality and poor communication with parents and teachers, usually means that, once the harassment has begun, it continues and forms a vicious circle.
The profile of passive bullying viewers
Seen the profile of the victim of bullying, we can go to see the profile of passive spectators, which are, ultimately, those who have in their hands the ability to prevent bullying (or continue to occur).
This group is the one that has a less defined profile, because it encompasses a wide variety of boys and girls of all kinds, which, in principle, might seem that they only have in common the fact of not reporting their parents or teachers abuses They are giving.
Within the group of observers, we can differentiate two types: Active observers, who are the ones who pull the bullying and take actions like recording them, and passive observers, who just do nothing.
It should be mentioned that passive observers tend to be more numerous than active observers, and it is precisely that behavior of tolerance that reinforces the behavior of the aggressors, since it is a form of approval.
Generally, in the case of passive observers, this attitude tends to be taken to avoid being the next victims of harassment. It tends to be thought that, if an adult is brought to his attention or comes out in his defense, the focus on them will change.
On the part of active viewers, the idea is usually that, through collaboration with stalkers, greater approval will be achieved by other classmates.
Usually, the stalker tends to be the leader of this group of active spectators and the other stalkers, which, in general, share to a greater or lesser extent the psychological characteristics of the stalker (or, at least, pretend to belong to the group).
It is important to remember the importance of passive spectators, since, when they agree and collaborate in ending this type of abuse, stalkers often quit their practices, given the lack of approval.
That is why campaigns to end bullying usually have a greater degree of success when they focus on them and not on victims or stalkers.
As you can see, the profiles of the victim and passive bullying spectators They are very clear. It is important to detect these profiles as soon as possible to be able to take action on the matter as soon as signs of harassment begin to be seen.
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